Drosophilia melanogaster nomenclature 1.0 was conceived in the 1930's by Johann Wilhelm Meigen.
Drosophilia melanogaster 2.0, for use in genetic science, was developed by Charles W. Woodworth and Thomas Hunt Morgan.
Fruit Fly 3.0, Sophophora melanogaster, (note the summary is missing an o, a syntax error), is a major and backwards-incompatible release after a long period of testing.
Some features have been backported to Fruit Fly 2.6, which is a different fly from the Tephritidae family that poses economic crop problems in Australia.
Slashdot User Petrushka posted an awesome reply:
by Petrushka (815171) on 05:30 PM April 10th, 2010 (#31802418)
Syntax is not morphology: response to TaoPhoenix
TaoPhoenix's useful summary of the development of the "fruitfly" correctly points out that the summary is missing an o. However, the author incorrectly describes this as a syntax error.(1)
This is not a syntax error but a morphology error. Syntax refers to the study of observed patterns in the sequential arrangement of words or lexemes;(2) morphology refers to the study of how lexemes change their form (e.g. requiring an extra "o" or not).(3)
In addition, the author's use of the spelling "Drosophilia" is a morphology error. ("Drosophilia" would signify "the love of dew" in the abstract; "Drosophila", with the implied substantive "zoa", signifies "life-forms that love dew".)(4),(5)
(1) TaoPhoenix, Re:Backwards compatibility [slashdot.org]
(2) Wikipedia, Syntax [wikipedia.org]
(3) Wikipedia, Morphology (linguistics) [wikipedia.org]
(4) LSJ Greek-English Lexicon, philia [tufts.edu]
(5) LSJ Greek-English Lexicon, philos, sense II.2 [tufts.edu]